Recently, SES and the Luxembourg Government jointly – through a separate entity LuxGovSat – launched their new satellite, GovSat-1. This new satellite is different from the rest of the SES satellite constellation in that it not only eschews the company’s traditional satellite naming methodology, but it’s also intended for government end users exclusively.
Why would a commercial satellite company and the Luxembourg Government jointly launch a satellite specifically for government users? Why would an organization that builds, launches and operates its own satellites – such as the United States military – be interested in a government-only commercial satellite? Is there really market demand for such a thing in the commercial satellite market today?
To answer these questions, the Government Satellite Report sat down with Chris Kinman, vice president of business development at SES Space and Defense, and Paul Wells the VP of Government Satellite Communications at GovSat, to discuss why GovSat-1 is important for today’s federal government, how it’s different from government satellites and constellations that are available today and why a government-only satellite was a smart investment for one of the world’s largest satellite communications companies and the Luxembourg Government.
Government Satellite Report (GSR): What exactly is GovSat-1 and how is it different from other commercial satellites?
Paul Wells: GovSat is a public-private joint venture between the Luxembourg Government and SES, the world leading satellite operator.
GovSat-1 was launched in January 2018 year and is operational since March 2018. It is not a commercial satellite but one designed for use by Government and Institution users only. The unique satellite capability features the latest technology advancements in communications security and is entirely dedicated to governments and institutions including defense and security applications.
In the situation when cyber threats are becoming increasingly more sophisticated, resiliency and robustness of the communications capabilities are absolutely paramount. GovSat-1 was devised with this in mind and has additional levels of security compared to traditional satellites.
The GovSat team has extensive experience and insights into the unique connectivity requirements necessary to support classified government missions that have factored into the development of the satellite. GovSat-1 is equipped with anti-jamming features, encrypted telemetry and control and uses secure frequencies.
Unlike traditional satellites, the frequencies GovSat-1 is using are in X-band and military Ka-band. GovSat-1 provides the most powerful and flexible X-band capacity available. This frequency is reserved for governments and institutions, and is ideal to establish secure and robust satellite communication links, for example between theaters of tactical operations, maritime missions or over areas affected by humanitarian crises.
The secure communication links enabled by high-powered military Ka-band beams are for smaller high-throughput VSAT terminals and are ideal for mobility applications, such as Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions and various border surveillance applications, including maritime.
It is also important to note that GovSat-1 is operated from its Secure Mission Operations Centre in Luxembourg. This is a dedicated facility that ensures 24/7 operations, with security-cleared personnel with government and military SATCOM experience that can handle classified information up to NATO/EU and LUX SECRET. GovSat-1, together with its Secure Mission Operations Centre, forms one of the most reliable and secure satellite communications capabilities for governments available on the market.
GSR: Why did SES and the Luxembourg Government jointly build and launch GovSat-1? What is the business case for building and launching this satellite?
Paul Wells: The business case is to provide secure, assured and resilient satellite communications Services for Governments and Institutions for NATO, EU and Allied partners to Luxembourg.
Accessibility and affordability are two very important characteristics when it comes to serving governmental and institutional customers. With GovSat-1, the capabilities of the national programs are made accessible to a broader spectrum of governments. In other words, they can get secure and robust end-to-end communication services from GovSat, and protect their nations without launching their own, quite costly, satellite programs.
The connectivity established by GovSat-1 enables critical communications over such important geographical areas as Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and provide extensive maritime coverage over the Mediterranean and Baltic seas, and the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
GSR: The government operates its own purpose built satellite and that fleet handles most of its SATCOM requirements. How is GovSat-1 different from the purpose-built satellite that the military currently operates?
Chris Kinman: There’s really not much of a difference. The big difference is the investment that we made on our own dime and with Investment from the Luxembourg Government. We designed the satellite very close to government needs in meeting their demands for secured communications.
We built in NSA grade encryption of the telemetry and control, and we wrapped security around the service, as well as the facilities that serve the ground segment. We also built in military grade anti-jam capabilities – all of the resilient type of requirements that the U.S. government has. They get the same thing with this satellite.
GSR: It sounds like there are a lot of similarities between GovSat-1 and a satellite that the U.S. military currently operates, but that raises a very interesting question – why use GovSat-1 instead of these purpose-built satellites that the military already has?
Chris Kinman: Nothing’s free in life – including those government satellites that I talked about. Those constellations were very expensive and, frankly, they’re very expensive to operate. SES and Luxembourg Government saw the opportunity to economically fulfill critical mission needs.
The military needs satellite bandwidth at certain times and it has to work. With a government type of scenario, trying to get priority bandwidth, a lot of our users have come to us and said they have to wait in line, participate in a scheduling process and hope that they get the bandwidth when needed. They have to contend with others in the mission area and oftentimes may not be able to get that bandwidth because some higher priority command came along and took it away.
These customers have identified the need and requirement to us saying, “…if you build something like this we would actually pay for it because the bandwidth set aside in reserve we’re actually going to get it when we need it.”
GSR: Earlier this year GSR attended Satellite 2018 where we continued to hear about issues with ground stations and ground technology. Would the use of GovSat-1 require the U.S. government or a U.S. military user to have different ground infrastructure or new technologies and terminals on the ground?
Chris Kinman: The great answer is “no” because our end users don’t have to modify anything about their WGS capable terminals. They don’t have to go out and do a refresh of any of these terminals that are out in the field, all they need to do is tune to the military Ka or X Band frequencies that we provide.
The capacity is unbelievable – we’re talking about 10 transponders alone in global beam for X Band, up to 40 transponders for narrow beam of high powered beams for X Band and 36 transponder equivalents within the Military Ka band. These beams are steerable and military grade and the satellite is so flexible that users can cross strap both between beams and also across X and mil Ka band. This is the inflection point where commercial satellites meet government satellites. We’re at a point where the technology is blending and they can pay for service and get outstanding results.